In order to avoid collisions and accidents on the water, you should follow the collision prevention rules (International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea). In principle following rules apply: International and also the National traffic regulations regulate shipping traffic on waterways. The respective Coastal waters may also be subject to additional, sometimes divergent, rules. On national rivers and canals, national navigation rules usually apply. However, all around the world the following applies: Every user must behave in such a way that the safety and ease of navigation of the waterways are not compromised.
General rules of conduct:
Within the scope of the international collision avoidance rules, each vehicle shall, by seeing and hearing hold a proper lookout. You should always keep it at a safe speed (depending on the traffic density, visibility and manoeuvrability), so that, if necessary, the driver can
take effective measures to avoid a collision. All manoeuvres to avoidance of a collision must be clearly recognizable, determined and carried out in a timely manner.
Obligation to avoid and maintain course:
If there is a danger of a collision when two vehicles approach, they must be aware of this accordingly and behave in accordance with the relevant evasive and driving rules. The vehicle which must be evaded must carry out the evasive manoeuvre early, thoroughly and clearly. The course holder must first maintain his course and speed. If the course holder does not comply with his obligation, the course holder must avoid a collision and must perform maneuvers.
Rules of giving way:
These are differentiated exclusively according to the type of drive of the vehicles. Special driving and rules for sports vehicles do not exist. But there are no evasive rules for sports cars. They have the same rights according to the KVR, but also the same obligations as commercial shipping. After the internat. Vehicles proppeled by engines must give way to those propelled by wind. However, in an overtaking manuever the overtaker must avoid the other vessle in disregard of the propulsion systems used.A differentiation of the wind-powered vehicles is taken by the international. KVR, so that in the event of further
interpretation of the rules both surfers and kitesurfers are to be classified as sailing craft - the following therefore apply
Rules of avoidance for sailboats to each other.
- If two sailboats do not have the wind from the same side, the vehicle with the wind from port must yield to the other.
- If two sailboats have the wind from the same side, the windward side has to be avoided by the downwind side.
- If a sailing vehicle with wind direction from backboard, the wind direction of the approaching. If the sailboat cannot clearly determine the direction of the wind, it must avoid the other (Rule of ambiguity).
Driving bans: Surfers and kitesurfers are subject to a temporary driving ban at night and with reduced visibility. In addition, national traffic regulations in some coastal countries contain general driving bans for the fairway. Also the use of designated bathing areas is prohibited for surfers and kitesurfers according to national regulations. Bathers and swimmers must be given special consideration.
Driving in restricted areas is generally prohibited.
Nature reserve and national park:
The traffic regulations contain prohibitions, time restrictions and
Speed limits. In most cases there is a general driving ban in designated protection zones.